Vitamin supplements have been available for several decades and thousands of studies have been done with different one and different dosages. Yet, after all these years, the medical community still does not speak with one voice on the benefits and risks of supplementation. There are many doctors who recommend vitamin supplements to their patients while others think these pills are just a waste of money. This website reviews the benefits and risks of vitamins and presents the latest research studies.
What you will find on this page:
Vitamins A, B, C, D, and E information
MultiVit Rx multivitamin with Vitamin B in proper proportion
Vitamin B coenzyme complex product
Vitamin A supplements
Vitamin A is related to a family of similarly shaped molecules, the retinoids. Its important part is the retinyl group, which can be found in several forms. In foods of animal origin, the major form of vitamin A is an ester, primarily retinyl palmitate, which is converted to an alcohol (retinol) in the small intestine. Vitamin A can also exist as an aldehyde (retinal), or as an acid (retinoic acid). Precursors to the vitamin (provitamins) are present in foods of plant origin as some of the members of the carotenoid family of compounds.
Vitamin A can be found in various forms: retinol, the form of vitamin A absorbed when eating animal food sources, is a yellow, fat-soluble, vitamin with importance in vision and bone growth. Since the alcohol form is unstable, the vitamin is usually produced and administered in a form of retinyl acetate or palmitate. Other retinoids, a class of chemical compounds that are related chemically to vitamin A, are used in medicine. Skin preparations of retinoids include topical tretinoin skin cream.
Vitamin B supplements
Vitamin B supplements are the cheapest, safest, and most reliable way to improve your wellbeing and overall mental abilities. I recommend Vitamin B complex to those who wish to improve their mood, mental clarity, and energy. The effects of the vitamin B are subtle, especially in the young who normally have adequate dietary intake of these nutrients. Improvements in cognitive functions from vitamin B are particularly noticeable in middle age individuals and the elderly.
Vitamin B 1 -- Thiamine Cocarboxylase
Vitamin B 2 -- Riboflavin Flavin Mono Nucleotide
Vitamin B 3 -- Niacin, Nicotinamide, also consider the coenzyme form called NADH which is available as a supplement
Vitamin B 5 -- Pantothenic acid, also available as Pantethine supplement
Vitamin B 6 -- Pyridoxine Pyridoxal Phosphate. You can purchase vitamin B6 50 mg, 250 tablets.
Vitamin-B12 -- Cyanocobalamin Dibencozide or Methylcobalamin
MultiVit Rx - Lasts 2 to 4 months
High Quality Daily Vitamins and Minerals
Developed by Ray Sahelian, M.D.
Manufactured by an FDA-approved and GMP-certified facility.
MultiVit Rx Supplement Facts:
Vitamin A is also known as retinol
Vitamin C with Rose hips (ascorbic acid)
Vitamin-D dosage is best limited to no more than 400 to 800 units a day.
Vitamin E (mixed tocopherols)
Vitamin B-1(thiamine hcl)
Vitamin B-2 (riboflavin)
Niacinamide is a form of the vitamin niacin
Biotin - 300 mcg
Click Source NaturalVitamin B Coenzyme to purchase for additional details.
In order for the various vitamin B compounds to be utilized by the
body, they must first be converted into their active coenzyme forms. This
sublingual Coenzyme vitamin B Complex goes directly into your bloodstream in its
active form, ready to go to work immediately.
Suggested Use: 1 or 2 vitamin B tablets daily, or as directed by your health professional. Place tablet under the tongue and allow to dissolve slowly, altering the position of the tablet to avoid prolonged contact with the same area.
Vitamin B Supplement Facts:
Vitamin C (as niacinamide ascorbate)
Vitamin B 1 Thiamin (from 20 mg cocarboxylase [Coenzymated])
Vitamin B 2 Riboflavin (from 15 mg flavin mononucleotide [Coenzymated])
Niacin (from inositol 34 mg, niacinamide ascorbate 30 mg, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 10 mg [Coenzymated])
Vitamin B-6 (from 15 mg pyridoxal -5-phosphate)
Folate (as folic acid)
Vitamin B-12 (from 1 mg dibencozide [Coenzymated])
Inositol (as inositol hexanicotinate)
Vitamin B supplements for those on gluten free diet
B Vitamins improve health in celiac patients living on a gluten-free diet.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 January. Hallert C, Svensson M, Tholstrup J, Hultberg B. Hallert C, Svensson M, Tholstrup J, Hultberg B. Coeliac Centre, Norrköping Hospital, Norrköping, Sweden.
Celiac patients living on a gluten-free diet show vitamin deficiency and reduced subjective health status. To study the biochemical and clinical effects of B vitamin supplementation in adults with longstanding celiac disease. In a double blind placebo controlled multicentre trial, 65 celiac patients aged 45-64 years on a strict gluten-free diet for several years were randomized to a daily dose of 0.8 mg folic acid, 0.5 mg cyanocobalamin and 3 mg pyridoxine or placebo for 6 months. The outcome measures were psychological general well-being and the plasma total homocysteine level, marker of B vitamin status. Adults with longstanding celiac disease taking extra B vitamins for 6 months showed normalized homocysteine and significant improvement in general well-being, suggesting that vitamin B supplements should be considered in people advised to follow a gluten-free diet.
Vitamin B12 side effects
Q. I am 48 year old male. I started taking vitamin b2 1000 mcg sublingual kind about four weeks ago. My energy and digestion improved considerably within a few days. But after a week I was getting chest pain. I went to emergency room, and after a battery of tests, no heart problem was found. I reduced the vitamin B12 dosage to 500 mcg, but some chest discomfort continued. After 2 weeks I discontinued vitamin b12 for 5 days. Then I started taking b12 cynacobalamin, the swallow kind, at 250 mcg about three days ago. No serious chest pain yet.
Q. I was curious about vit b-17. i've heard a few Christian physicians claim that it basically is a cure for cancer, beyond this i was more curious as to where vitamin B-17 comes from. What food source has vitamin B-17 in it, and also is it available for purchase.
A. Vitamin B17 is also known as amygdalin or laetrile. Vitamin B17 is a glycoside initially isolated from the seeds of the tree Prunus dulcis, also known as bitter almonds, and found in almond or apricot kernels. There are those who believe in the benefits of vitamin B-17 as a treatment for cancer while the FDA and most traditional medical doctors do not believe vitamin B-17 offers health benefits and could potentially be toxic.
Vitamin B and stroke risk -
B Vitamins reduce Stroke Risk by 25%
The Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation trials of more than 5,500 men and women with heart disease had participants taking a daily intake of either B vitamins or placebo pills for five years. Those who took the vitamins were 25% less likely to get a stroke than those who took placebo. People younger than 70, those not taking cholesterol-lowering statin drugs or blood thinners, and those living in regions without folic acid food fortification had the greatest benefit. Gustavo Saposnik, MD, of the University of Toronto presented the findings at the International Stroke Conference 2009. B vitamins lower blood levels of a compound called homocysteine. The risk of heart disease and stroke is increased when a person has high blood levels of homocysteine, so it follows that taking B vitamins to lower homocysteine levels would improve outcomes. The daily vitamin intake in the new study involved 2.5 milligrams of folic acid, 50 milligrams of vitamin B6, and 1 milligram of vitamin B12 -- far more than most people get in their diets.
Vitamin B research studies
Mothers with low levels of vitamin B12 in their blood are at increased risk of having an infant with spina bifida -- a birth defect in which the spinal cord fails to form properly. Based on previous research, pregnancy guidelines recommend that women consume enough folic acid to reduce the risk of spina bifida and related problems. The new findings suggest that these guidelines should also include recommendations about vitamin B12.
The recommended daily intake for vitamin B-12 should be more than doubled from
the current level.
In a study of 98 middle-aged and older women, researchers found that 6 micrograms of B-12 per day seemed to be enough to prevent signs of mild vitamin B12 deficiency. That compares with the current recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of 2.4 micrograms per day. Vitamin B-12 is essential for maintaining healthy nerve cells and red blood cells; a deficiency in the vitamin can cause symptoms ranging from the subtle -- including fatigue and mild dizziness -- to more severe complications like nerve damage, anemia and even dementia. Though the typical Western diet provides people with far more than the current RDA for B-12, certain individuals are at risk for a deficiency. Unlike most vitamins, B-12 occurs naturally only in animal products, including meat, poultry, fish and, in lesser amounts, eggs and dairy. So vegetarians and vegans -- who avoid all animal products, including dairy -- may have low stores of the vitamin. The same is true of adults older than 50, as many have a thinning in the stomach lining that prevents the proper release of digestive acids. Stomach acids are essential for "shaking loose" vitamin B-12 from its food source, allowing it to be absorbed. So older adults are advised to get their B-12 from pills and fortified foods like cereal. That RDA is what experts believe is the minimum B-12 needed to prevent anemia, nerve damage and mental dysfunction. But it's not clear that it's enough to prevent subtler effects. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, January 2006.
Oral supplements of vitamin B12 appear to correct vitamin B12 deficiencies as well as B12 injections. However, the group of European researchers found that, in order to correct a deficiency, oral doses need to contain more than 200 times the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamin B12. Study author Dr. Lisette C. P. G. M. de Groot of Wageningen University in the Netherlands explained that most people develop vitamin B12 deficiencies as a result of "malabsorption," in which their bodies become unable to extract vitamin B12 from food. The deficiency typically strikes older people, she added, and takes years to develop. In some instances, people who avoid animal products -- such as vegans and followers of a macrobiotic diet -- can also develop a deficiency in vitamin B12 as a result of not eating enough B12-rich foods. A vitamin B12 deficiency is typically treated by monthly, often painful, shots. To investigate whether an oral dose of vitamin B12 works, as well, they tested various daily doses of oral vitamin B12 supplements in 120 people aged 70 and older. They found that daily oral doses of 647 to 1032 micrograms of vitamin B12 appeared to correct the deficiency. The current RDA for vitamin B12 is 3 micrograms per day. SOURCE: Archives of Internal Medicine, May 23, 2005.
Vitamin B supplement emails
Q. I purchased a product Vitamin-B-Coenzyme-Complex just 3 weeks back. I am having very good results at 2 tabs/per day. i have a doubt regarding the dosage. the product contains NADH-5mg/tablet. the dosage for NADH in the
Q. Interestingly, I took a vitamin B coenzyme complex you recommend on your site and I believe I feel a boost in energy, mental clarity, alertness & elevated mood. I went out to lunch w/ folks from the office and had quite a heavy meal: cheese burger w/ Louisiana sausage, some fries & a very heavy beer. I anticipated falling asleep at my desk after lunch, but I haven't really been dragging at all. This is great, I hope the effects continue! Thanks for your web site for encouraging me to start up with this stuff.
Q. I enjoy the vitamin B coenzyme complex so much, I am wondering if you carry
it in a size larger than 60 count, as in, possibly 120 lozenges? I like your
prices and found them to be cheaper than in a discount health food store, but
they had the 120 count for $30 or so. I won't be ordering for another month and
a half, but am curious. Your satisfied customer.
A. At present Physician Formulas only have the 60 count vitamin B Co-Enzyme complex.
Q. I've just purchased some Sam-e for depression as I
experience too many side-effects with anti-depressants. I have read that it is
wise to take additional vitamin B s, particularly B6, B12 and folic acid, when
taking Sam-e in order to prevent toxic build-up of homocysteine. Apparently
these vitamins assist in the breakdown of homocysteine which is formed when
Sam-e breaks down.
A. We're not totally sure whether extra vitamin B is needed if someone is taking SAM-e. Perhaps it depends on one's diet and biochemistry. It would not hurt to take 1 to 3 times the RDA of vitamin B.
Q. Is it true that thiamin vitamin B1, taken orally,
prevents mosquitoes from biting?
A. I have not seen good studies on this, but I have a friend who swears that taking vitamin B1 prevents mosquitoes from biting her. She takes 50 mg of vitamin B1, and she thinks that taking a B complex does not work, it has to be vitamin B1 by itself.
Q. Is it advised to take a B50 vitamin supplement at night
with tryptophan for sleep?
A. High dosages of B vitamins can cause alertness and should only be taken in the morning.
Q. Is it necessary to take a vitamin B complex while
supplementing with tyrosine
and phenylalanine amino acids?
A. We don't see any reason to take B vitamins along with these amino acids. If you do, we suggest lowering the dosage of the amino acids.
Q. Do vitamin C supplements help or hinder the effects of
macrocarpon cranberry juice for UTIs?
A. Cranberries are natural supplements that are helpful in urinary tract infections. We don't see any harm combining the juice or supplement with vitamin C.